Recently I looked at April 2020 Presidential election polling in two highly competitive swing states, Pennsylvania and Michigan, where Vice President Biden had solid leads over Donald Trump despite Hilary Clinton’s narrow losses in 2016.
In this article, I continue reviewing other swing states – called Purple by the pundits – this time Wisconsin and Florida. It’s useful, however, to put the trends in national polls between Biden and Trump in context.
|PRESIDENTIAL POLLS EARLY MAY 2020|
|YOU GOV||M.4-5||1224 RV||45||42|
|CHANGE R.||M.1-3||1489 RV||47||44|
|MORNING C.||A.27-M.3||31,117 RV||46||42|
Between April 27th and May 5th, seven national polls showed Joe Biden with an average lead of nearly five points, 46.8 to 42%. These polls include the public’s absorption of the expanded media attention to the sexual assault allegation against the former Vice-President and his response. Polling in Wisconsin and Florida ended by the third week of April and did not include references to the Tara Reade allegations.
Donald Trump won Wisconsin by nearly 23,000 votes in 2016, about eight-tenths of one percent.
Exit Polls in Wisconsin in 2016 showed that the proportion of nonwhites in the vote was 14%, the lowest of Pennsylvania, Michigan, and Florida. In that election, whites were 86% of the vote and Trump won that vote 53-42%. Hilary Clinton won the nonwhite vote 76-21%.
Here are the results of Wisconsin 2020 Polling. I included a Marquette Law School Poll completed on March 29, 2020.
|WISCONSIN LATE MARCH- APRIL 2020 POLLING|
There are five polls and Biden’s lead averages 3.4 points, 47.8-44.4%. The leads in the polls are either within or very close to the margin of error in each poll, indicating Wisconsin right now is extremely competitive.
Public Policy Polling, in an April 20-21 poll, included a question about who the respondents in the poll voted for in 2016, compared to their current preference. About 8% of 2016 Trump voters said they would vote for Biden, very similar to the same response from voters in Pennsylvania(8%) and Michigan(10%).
PPP’s sample in the poll of 1415 Registered Voters was 12% nonwhite, or about 170 respondents, compared to the 14% of 3047 voters in the 2016 Exit Poll. PPP did not provide a demographic breakdown of the responses to its April 2020 Wisconsin poll, probably because a sample size of @170 would contain a margin of error in the range of plus or minus 7-8 points.
Donald Trump won Florida by about 113,000 votes, or 1.2%, in 2016, out of 9.4 million votes cast. 3d-party and write-in candidates took 3% of the vote. Florida has 29 Electoral College votes; Pennsylvania 20, Michigan 14, and Wisconsin 10.
The Exit Polls in Florida show the vote was 62% white, and Trump won that vote by a large margin, 64-32%. The nonwhite vote is substantial in Florida, 38%, and Hilary Clinton won that vote 71-24%.
Here are the results of 4 Florida polls completed in April:
|FLORIDA APRIL 2020 POLLING|
|U.Nth FLA.||M.31-A.4||3,244 RV||46||40|
|FOX NEWS||A.18-21||1004 RV||46||43|
Vice-President Biden leads in these four polls by a combined average of 46.5-43.25%, or 3.2%.
Here is Quinnipiac, conducted April 16-20 among 1385 Registered Voters:
The Fox and Quinnipiac Polls shows Biden doing better among whites, losing in the Fox Poll 54-36, and the Q Poll 52-40%, versus Trump’s huge margin in 2016 vs. Hilary Clinton, 64-32%. Biden continues to win by gigantic margins among blacks, 80-10% in Fox, 73-8% in Quinnipiac. Biden’s margin among Hispanics in Fox is 53-35%, in Quinnipiac 46-38%, both smaller than Clinton’s margin among Hispanics in 2016, where she beat Trump 62-35%.
The Trump campaign will be extremely competitive in Florida and Wisconsin. Biden’s April leads are just barely over 3 points each, close or at the margin of error in those polls.
Next, I will look at North Carolina and Arizona. Hilary lost North Carolina by four points, 50-46, and Arizona by 3 1/2 points, in 2016. But the Democrats have made gains in both states since then and recent polling bodes well for the Democrats.Although there have not been Presidential polls in Arizona since March, there are many polls about the competitive US Senate race there that can be added to Presidential polls to provide insight.